Content


Subpage Listing


Real beggars? Life history interviews

posted Jun 26, 2020, 10:02 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jun 26, 2020, 10:06 AM ]

Ákos Tárkányi1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Life history interviews with beggars were made at Pázmány Péter Catholic University (Pázmány Péter Katolikus Egyetem, PPKE) in Budapest in 2014. Our two suppositions were that the bulk of beggars collect money for themselves and not for some mafia and they do this because they are really needy. We have conducted a dozen full interviews and about another dozen partial interviews. We made about 30 unsuccessful attempts besides these. The texts of these interviews (at least those of the full interviews) were logical, credible and realistic, so we can rightly assume that our interviewees were honest and they spoke about their real-life situations. We cannot find but one case of a beggar collecting money for a „beggar mafia”. And all claimed that they collected money only for themselves. Begging seemed to be essential for their subsistence. Our research showed at least that there are a lot of really needy, real beggars who do not work for a beggars’ mafia. They represent different types, but one can sum up some common factors: the majority of them are elderly and in a bad health status and their family is usually either extremely poor or has fallen apart, which also contributes to the situation that forces them to beg.

Keywords: Life History Interviews; Beggars; Mafia; Homeless; Disability.


Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Employees’ Perception of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and its Effect on Job Satisfaction

posted May 7, 2020, 12:08 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated May 7, 2020, 12:10 AM ]

Marwan T. Al-Zoubi1  & Khawlah M. Al-Tkhayneh 
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This study aims to investigate the consequence of employees’ perception of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on job satisfaction. The study questions investigates the perception of CSR and job satisfaction levels among employees working in private and public institutions as well as the ability of CSR to predict employees’ job satisfaction. The results indicated that the participants working in public institutions have higher perception of CSR in comparison with participants
working in private institutions and consequently have higher levels of job satisfaction. The current results should
encourage private organizations to align with public institutions and start investing in social responsibility programs
because of their valuable outcomes in improving the organizational image and enhancing employees work attitudes and
therefore, work performance.

Keywords: Social Responsibility; Job Satisfaction
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Social movements and democratization: a research approach to political transformation in China

posted May 5, 2020, 6:21 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated May 5, 2020, 6:24 AM ]

Pui-Yuen Lin1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to suggest an approach for researching the political transformation of China. By taking a critical review of literature on democratization of China as my point of departure, I argue that previous studies focus too much on structural explanations and neglect constructivist aspects. The structural approach can produce only limited explanations and has regarded the political culture of a society as a static and reified entity, neglecting the constructivist element of the human agent. In addition to examining traditional economic and political institutional change, this paper suggests an approach to the study of democratization that involves examining the construction of political values and culture. This constructivist approach regards political culture as a construction and a contentious process.

Keywords: Democratization; Participatory Democracy; Political Transformation; Social Movement
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Mixing Policy Tools in Science and Technology: A Systematic Review

posted Jan 9, 2020, 10:04 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jan 9, 2020, 10:06 AM ]

Azam Sazvar1, Mahmood Yahyazadehfar, Mehrdad Madhoushi & Meisam Shirkhodaei
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 2
Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of articles in the domain of combining policy tools within science, technology, and innovation. In this study, nine main databases using keywords in the field of policy mix and its tools were examined in which the scientific database of ScienceDirect had the highest number of articles; however, the results suggested that policy mix was an excluded domain among research studies into science and technology policy. Moreover, the characteristics of mixing policy tools were not clear enough, they were not reported in the related literature, and also there was no definite category of policy tools in the domain of research and development in order to combine the existing tools. In this respect, the important point was that financial instruments had been emphasized as significant tools in most studies despite their multiplicity perhaps on account of the early returns of such tools, while the depth and long-term outcomes of policies in policy domain could be found through other ways such as procedural nonfinancial tools. It should be noted that the most important contribution of this study was identifying research gaps and offering suggestions for future investigations. 

Keywords: Science and Technology Policy; Policy Mix; Policy Tools; Systematic Review.
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Party System Institutionalization in Post-Soviet Georgia

posted Nov 25, 2019, 7:43 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Nov 25, 2019, 7:46 AM ]

Giorgi Melikidze1
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 2
Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Political parties are the unit of analysis for several studies, but this is different from studying party systems. Stable party system is the basis of a consolidated democracy. Despite the fact that many researchers are interested in studying of system stability and institutionalism, the empirical studies about the mentioned issue are rather scarce. Electoral volatility is used as one of the measurements of the party system. Pedersen Index is the famous instrument in researches of electoral volatility. The length of democratic transaction and party system fragmentation determines the electoral volatility. In accordance with the electoral volatility, the post-Soviet and former socialist countries are significantly ahead of the other regions. A little experience of multiparty political system and weak party identification is named as the cause of the mentioned. The effective number of parties (ENP) is the indicator, which allows us to define the institutionalization of party system. By using the effective number of parties, which is determined through the obtained votes of the parties, we can determine their political weight. The present paper aims to examine Georgia’s perspectives within the context of party system institutionalization. In accordance with the research hypothesis, the weakness of program / ideological connection between parties and electorate creates a basis for a weak party institutionalization. In post-Soviet Georgia, the weak institutionalization of the party system played an important role in the point of view of political transformation. This paper explores the most common methods of data collection used in qualitative research: namely: a) Expert interviews with political researchers b) In-depth interviews with representatives of political parties; b) In-depth interviews with selected electorate. 

Keywords: Party System Institutionalization; Electoral Volatility; Program / Ideological Connection; Georgia.
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Politics, Economics, and the Far Right in Europe: Social Psychological Perspectives

posted Nov 17, 2019, 12:06 PM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Nov 17, 2019, 12:08 PM ]

Vassilis Pavlopoulos1
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 2
Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This paper adopts a social psychological perspective to review individual and socio-political factors accounting for the resurgence of the far right in Europe, in light of the economic crisis. The paper addresses three main questions in relation to this review. First, what psychological processes translate unfavorable contextual attributes into perceptions of uncertainty, threat and ruthless competition that may trigger ideological attitudes, behaviors, and policies relevant to the far right? Second, what strategies do far-right leaders implement in order to counter accusations of fascism and racism? And third, what is the role of the mainstream political system and the media with regard to the legitimization of right-wing extremism and populism? The paper draws upon examples from different member countries of the European Union, with an emphasis on Greece. It is concluded that European citizens should remain vigilant towards the far right, though avoiding oversimplifications and emotionally driven reactions that would allow corrupt, opportunistic leaders to amass political power by exploiting generalized fear against the far right. 

Keywords: Far right, politics, economics, social psychological perspective, Europe.
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Using Educational Technology to Improve Creativity and Socio-emotional-Learning Competences among Gifted and Talented Children

posted Nov 17, 2019, 11:56 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Nov 18, 2019, 10:49 AM ]

Mònica González-Carrasco1, Gemma Crous, Dolors Navarro, Ferran Casas, Marta Peracaula, Mariona Niell, Meritxell Estebanell & Jordi Freixenet
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 2
Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This paper presents the results of evaluating a Creative Computing-related activity in a non-formal setting conducted by 19 gifted and talented children aged between 8 and 12. We focus on how educational technologies can help high-skilled children manage their emotions and resolve conflicts, while at the same time promoting creativity, and problem-solving. A questionnaire was administered before and after the activity to gather children’s and their parents’ opinions. Results show that the activity was highly motivating, while also having some impact on enhancing socio-emotional learning competences such as emotion identification. Parents also perceived positive changes, although their perspective differed from that of their children with regard to the issues raised. The activity implemented here opens the door to new ways of intervening with gifted and talented children, using educational technology to improve not only digital but also creative thinking skills and socio-emotional learning competences. 

Keywords: Socio-Emotional Learning Competences; Creativity; Thinking Skills; Gifted and Talented Children; Educational Technologies.
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

An Examination of the Relationship between Food Security and Body Weight in Children

posted Oct 29, 2019, 3:47 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Oct 29, 2019, 3:53 AM ]

Elyse Barletta-Sherwin1 & Ramona Stone
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 2
, Online First
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This observational study examined the association between food security and healthy weight in children ages 6 to 12, using the 2013-2014 NHANES cross-sectional survey. The relationship between children’s food security and their weight was tested using logistic regression, while controlling for race, gender, physical activity, and poverty level. A significant association was found; children in households with low or very low food security were about 2.4 times more likely to be overweight than those with full or marginally secure food. Hispanic and multi-racial children were more than twice as likely to be overweight than white children. Children from low-income families, yet ineligible for food subsidies, were 62.4% more likely to be overweight or obese than those in higher income brackets. The significant relationship between food security and children’s weight suggests that the current eligibility criteria for federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits, and the types of approved subsidized foods, should be revised so that low-income children have better access to higher-quality food. Gaps in access to nutritious food are indicative of larger social, political, and economic problems adversely impacting the health of children in economically disadvantaged groups. 

Keywords: food security; childhood obesity; health disparities; food assistance. 

Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Role of actors in informal settlements real estate market

posted Jul 31, 2019, 5:20 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 5:22 AM ]

Akunnaya Pearl Opoko1, Adedapo Adewunmi Oluwatayo, Bayo Amole & Ekundayo Adeyinka Adeyemi
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
pp. 55-68
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Literature suggests that majority of the urban housing in cities of many developing countries is provided in informal settlements through informal housing delivery systems. Due to their clandestine nature, their activities and modes of operation are often not well understood. This paper examines the role played by both the government agencies and other market actors in the functioning and regulation of informal real estate land markets, especially in Lagos, Nigeria. A survey was carried out with the use of questionnaires and interviews. The analysis of the data reveals that there is a thriving property market, which appears to have some form of social regulation. The role of each of the actors, varying from informants, buyers, sellers, financiers, witnesses and government, are discussed. The paper concludes that the thriving informal real estate market needs to be strengthened to effectively cater for the housing needs of urban residents.This paper contributes to discussions on informal real estate markets in developing countries by examining the structure and mechanisms that govern urban real estate markets in informal settlements through a case study of Ayobo community in Lagos, Nigeria, an area where empirical work has been sparse.

Keywords: Developing Countries; Informal Settlements; Land Market Actors, Nigeria; Real Estate Market.
Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

Forms of Social Exclusion in Familistic Welfare Capitalism: Family Homelessness in Athens

posted Jul 31, 2019, 4:57 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 6:20 AM ]

Nikos Kourachanis1
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
pp. 69-80
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract:This article critically examines the adequacy, limitations and problems of familistic welfare capitalism in protecting vulnerable groups against poverty and social exclusion. After discussing the general characteristics of the familistic type, the predominant role of the family in it as well as the crisis it is undergoing, the article examines the paths of singleparent families towards homelessness in Athens. The field research reveals the structural deficiencies of this type of protection: The absence of family support, housing and family policy residuality, precarious employment, and the conservative culture of the European South are likely to expose vulnerable groups to risks that directly threaten the protection of human life.

Keywords: Crisis; Greece; Social Policy; Southern Europe; Welfare State Regimes.

Download 

  • article: PDF
  • citation: RIS

1-10 of 166