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Role of actors in informal settlements real estate market

posted Jul 31, 2019, 5:20 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 5:22 AM ]

Akunnaya Pearl Opoko1, Adedapo Adewunmi Oluwatayo, Bayo Amole & Ekundayo Adeyinka Adeyemi
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
pp. 55-68
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Literature suggests that majority of the urban housing in cities of many developing countries is provided in informal settlements through informal housing delivery systems. Due to their clandestine nature, their activities and modes of operation are often not well understood. This paper examines the role played by both the government agencies and other market actors in the functioning and regulation of informal real estate land markets, especially in Lagos, Nigeria. A survey was carried out with the use of questionnaires and interviews. The analysis of the data reveals that there is a thriving property market, which appears to have some form of social regulation. The role of each of the actors, varying from informants, buyers, sellers, financiers, witnesses and government, are discussed. The paper concludes that the thriving informal real estate market needs to be strengthened to effectively cater for the housing needs of urban residents.This paper contributes to discussions on informal real estate markets in developing countries by examining the structure and mechanisms that govern urban real estate markets in informal settlements through a case study of Ayobo community in Lagos, Nigeria, an area where empirical work has been sparse.

Keywords: Developing Countries; Informal Settlements; Land Market Actors, Nigeria; Real Estate Market.
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Forms of Social Exclusion in Familistic Welfare Capitalism: Family Homelessness in Athens

posted Jul 31, 2019, 4:57 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 6:20 AM ]

Nikos Kourachanis1
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
pp. 69-80
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract:This article critically examines the adequacy, limitations and problems of familistic welfare capitalism in protecting vulnerable groups against poverty and social exclusion. After discussing the general characteristics of the familistic type, the predominant role of the family in it as well as the crisis it is undergoing, the article examines the paths of singleparent families towards homelessness in Athens. The field research reveals the structural deficiencies of this type of protection: The absence of family support, housing and family policy residuality, precarious employment, and the conservative culture of the European South are likely to expose vulnerable groups to risks that directly threaten the protection of human life.

Keywords: Crisis; Greece; Social Policy; Southern Europe; Welfare State Regimes.

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Factor Structure and Personality Disorder Correlates of Responses to the 50-Item IPIP Big Five Factor Marker Scale

posted Jul 23, 2019, 5:57 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 23, 2019, 6:29 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu ]

Theresa M. Robertson, Awa Jangha, Ralph L. Piedmont1, Martin F. Sherman & Joseph E. G. Williams 
Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 8, Issue: 2
pp. 5-17
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Given the prevalence of the use of the 50-item International Personality Item Pool Big Five Marker Scale (IPIP-50) in
psychological research, it is important to demonstrate that responses to the scale are both psychometrically robust, and
clinically relevant. Data obtained from 459 participants were analyzed to examine the factor structure, cross-cultural
relevance, and potential clinical value of responses to the IPIP-50. Mean level gender differences were significant on
four of the five IPIP-50 personality domains. Principal component analyses revealed that not only was the IPIP-50 five
factor structure recovered from responses by this sample, but comparison of the factor loadings with those from three
Scottish samples presented by Gow et al. (2005) indicated convergence across these two cultures. Canonical correlation
analyses revealed strong associations between IPIP-50 scores and International Personality Disorder Examination
(IPDE) scores, and between IPIP-50 scores and the External Validators Scale (EVS) scores, supporting the clinical
utility of scores from this scale.

Keywords: IPIP-50; Factor Structure; Predictive Validity; Cross-Cultural Generalizability.  
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How to Use Life History in Sociology?

posted Jul 13, 2019, 12:49 PM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 4:48 AM ]

Zsuzsanna Bögre1

Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
, pp. 41-54
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: In this study I present how life history method may contribute to better understanding of society and culture or historical periods. The past lives in the present–as they say. “Putting together” a person’s life–according to different aspects– complements the social self-awareness. First, I briefly summarize the characteristics of life history, then I describe some aspects of analysis and after these I will present a concrete life history analysis. The last step was when I drew attention to theory–that it is worthwhile to support and sum up the narrative of life history with a carefully chosen theory. 

Keywords: Biography Methods; Personal Documents; Life History; Turning Points; Analysis of Life Stories
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Sri Wening Handayani and Babken Babajanian (Eds). Social protection for older persons: Social pensions in Asia. Asian Development Bank Publishing, 2012, 296 p.

posted Jul 13, 2019, 12:40 PM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 11:52 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu ]

Rathny Suy, Leaksmy Chhay & Catherine Wanjiru Mbugua
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, pp. 93-94
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
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Confucianism and Soft Power of China

posted Apr 24, 2019, 3:09 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 5:09 AM ]

Nguyen Thi My Hanh1

Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
pp. 81-92
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: China is on a journey to become a global power, using “Chinese Renaissance” as its prime vehicle to emerge from the position of a regional superpower and compete with the United States of America. The desire to open a “Chinese Age” in world history is great; the goal is to become a “leading nation”, “leader” of the world. The cultural revival of Confucianism, and its promotion as the dominant Chinese value system, is one of the more effective measures China has employed to increase its “gravity”, or soft power, in the international arena. Unfortunately, China has not succeeded in elevating these values to universal values, and therefore hasn’t turned Confucian culture into an effective soft power. Moreover, if Confucian culture isn’t naturally developed from its own civil society in the American way, it is not free to exchange, expose, and learn with other cultural and educational products in the world, but is always subjected to imprisonment by the government. If the latter is the case, the dream of Chinese soft power from Confucianism will remain unfinished.

Keywords: Chinese Soft Power; Global Power; Confucianism; Confucian Culture; Universal Value.

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Sergiu Bălţătescu, Claudia Bacter. Well-being through the eyes of Romanian children: results of the international study “Children’s World” (ISCWeB) (Bunăstarea văzută prin ochii copiilor români: rezultatele studiului internaţional "Lumea copiilor" (ISCWeB)), Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2016, 2012, 118 p.

posted Apr 24, 2019, 2:54 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 3:20 AM ]

Daniela Crina Lezeu
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, pp. 85-86
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

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Trottier D. & Fuchs C., Social Media, Politics and the State: Protest, Revolutions, Riots, Crime and Policing in the Age of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, New York: Routledge, 2015, 251 p.

posted Apr 5, 2019, 3:00 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 3:12 AM ]

Răzvan T. Coloja  
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, pp. 81-83
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
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Disentangling financial literacy: three - dimensional approach to analysing management of personal finances in Estonia

posted Apr 5, 2019, 2:45 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 5:55 AM ]

Leonore Riitsalu[1]Rein Murakas & Diana Veeret
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, pp. 29-40
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: There has been a prevalent assumption among the promoters of financial literacy that socio-economic status and knowledge of financial matters are of vital importance in making wise decisions in managing personal finances. Empirical evidence from Estonia suggests that these in fact have a more complicated relation to actual behaviour than believed so far. The socio-economic factors that explain differences in knowledge do not necessarily influence behaviour and vice versa. We suggest a three-dimensional approach for studying the factors behind differences in financial literacy. Regression analysis reveals that only education is significantly explaining the differences in all three – knowledge, attitudes and behaviour scores. Other socio-economic factors, willingness to take investment risks and the quantity of books at home are related only to one or two of the elements of financial literacy. The findings indicate the need for agreement on what constitutes financial literacy and the study of each element of it separately to find ways of improving financial well-being. 

Keywords: Financial Literacy; Financial Education; Behavioural Economics; Economic Sociology; Estonia
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Oral history interviews in the research of the recent past

posted Mar 9, 2019, 2:46 AM by Sara D. Topciu   [ updated Jul 23, 2019, 5:42 AM ]

Zsuzsanna Bögre1

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2
, pp. 75-80
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: I present several oral history interviews, which would have been difficult to understand in themselves, using only the
texts from them. Thus, I searched for additional sources by using archives and compared them with the material of the
interviews. After collating the various sources not only did the factual life events become more comprehensible, but it
also became clear on the ways how the interviewees talked about themselves.
I called the attention of sociologists researching oral history to the fact that to understand the past, in some cases, the
collection of life stories may be insufficient. Beside the interviews, it is also important to collect materials from other
sources as well, such as the documents stored in archives. In doing so, we will be able to compare data and stories
contained in the life history interviews with the archival sources (interrogation records, informant reports, prison
informants’ reports), and by checking facts and constructions, we can enhance our understanding of the reality.

Keywords: life history; oral history interview; personal documents; social facts and social constructions; separating
fiction and data; collating the various sources.

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