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Factors Influencing the Adult Care Leavers' Transition from Care to Independence. The Case of Harare, Zimbabwe

posted Mar 30, 2021, 2:48 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Mar 30, 2021, 2:49 AM ]

Mashavave Fungisai & Innocent Mahiya1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Young people leaving care have been the subject of international research in the last decade, whilst studies are still limited in Africa. The ability of young adults to transition successfully from institutional care to independent adulthood has become a policy concern. This is because of the documented poor outcomes of care leavers, especially in SubSaharan Africa. This paper explores the factors influencing care leavers transition in Harare, Zimbabwe. Utilizing qualitative research methods and thematic analysis, the study identified several factors that affect young people from the view of care leavers and residential care workers. Respondents were purposively selected, and data were collected using semi-structured interviews and a care leaver focus group. The paper’s main findings show that there are many factors which influence young people’s transition from care in Harare. Amongst these were the young person’s previous circumstances, their ability to form new relationships, their resilience, and their positioning in the interaction of multiple systems that exist in the society. The paper makes recommendations for more successful transitions from institutional care which include; recognizing that care leavers are not a homogenous group and the improvement of policies and programs relevant for the sustenance of care leavers.

Keywords: Care Leavers; Institution; Independence; Social Services; Transitions; Residential Care; Young Adults.
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University Community Engagement in Community-Based Tourism: Exploring Possibilities from some International Experiences

posted Dec 4, 2020, 1:50 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Dec 23, 2020, 2:02 AM ]

Ivan Govender & Andrea Giampiccoli1

Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: In the rapidly changing and competitive tourism industry, capacity building and the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) thereof is critical. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the significance of community-based tourism (CBT) in enhancing the economic growth of a community, as well as to explore the roles and engagement of higher education institutions in aiding CBT capacity building. Due to the dearth of information relating to CBT capacity building and its monitoring and evaluation, a documentary analysis of both the regional and global interventions in CBT capacity building has been presented. The authors propose a framework for university CBT capacity building and monitoring and evaluation in which the various stakeholders could play significant roles, depending on the institution’s commitment to CBT and the capacity of the respective communities. This article is significant in that it proposes a platform for future studies and policy development in CBT capacity building and monitoring and evaluation, with both the university and communities as equal partners.

Keywords: University Community Engagement; Tourism; Community-Based Tourism; Capacity Building.


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Varieties of capitalism and academic achievement. Does the welfare production regime have an impact on 15 years’ old Mathematics results?

posted Nov 16, 2020, 11:00 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 21, 2020, 6:17 AM ]

Adrian Hatos 1 & Roxana Hatos
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, pp. 5-16
Date: May 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The purpose of the article is to examine the effect of institutional structure of coordinated market economies on the skills and knowledge of youth as hypothesized by Estevez-Abe, Iversen & Soskice (2001) via the PISA 2012 survey. As focal independent variable, a proper country measure of welfare product regime was devised using international available indicators. The theoretical model was tested using multi-level regression of mathematics results of the weighted sample of students from 25 countries that have participated in the PISA 2012 survey. The results show that the expected positive effects on test results of extensive employment and unemployment protection and of larger vocational sector in the upper secondary and of limited participation in the tertiary do not hold. Moreover, several country-level correlations with the averages of test results appear to be statistical artifacts of composition effects. They point to the necessity for further investigations of the interdependencies of social and economic institutions and stratification.

Keywords: Welfare Production Regime; Academic Achievement; Varieties of Capitalism; Skill Profiles.
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The relationship between social structure and education in the system of sports schools

posted Oct 26, 2020, 11:49 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 21, 2020, 6:23 AM ]

Karolina Eszter Kovács 1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, pp. 27-35
Date: May 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Sports school is an organised form of the education of young athletes that takes place within the framework of a public educational institution, sports association or other types of organisation. It is defined by a strict framework involving a wide range of professionals. In our study, we aimed to examine the scene of the sports school system as a possibility for the ascent of talented but disadvantaged athletes. Thus, the focus of the study is drawn on the social status of students learning in sports schools and traditional high schools in Hungary. For this purpose, the National Competence Measurement 2016 database (OKM 2016, N=61662) for 10-grade students was applied through investigating the family background index of the individuals. According to our results, our hypotheses were confirmed, as at both regional and county level, the indicators of the family background index were lower among sports school students. At the regional level, the lowest family background index is detected in the North Great Plain and Central Hungary concerning sports schools, while the highest is visible in the Central Transdanubia region. Concerning non-sports schools, the lowest value is in the North Great Plain region, while it is the highest in Budapest. 

Keywords: Educational Sports School; Social Status; Socioeconomic Status.
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Role of Caste and Gender in School Readiness among Children Attending Early Childhood Education (ECE) Programme in India

posted Oct 26, 2020, 11:34 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 21, 2020, 6:32 AM ]

Monu Lal Sharma & Akbar Hussain 
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, pp. 55-66
Date: May 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Early childhood experiences provided rudimentary stimulation for holistic development and school readiness skills. School readiness skills are required to succeed in formal education socially, emotionally, linguistically and cognitively. Moreover, in India socio-cultural factors like caste and gender plays prominent and influential role in early childhood care and education. After 70 years of independence still many places in India both caste and gender decide whether the child will attend pre-school/school or not, situated in their community. Therefore, the present study aims to examine the impact of caste and gender on school readiness skills of children between 5 – 6 years age. The study intentionally portrays co-association between the variables like caste, gender, attendance and school readiness skills through structural equation model (SEM) which reveals indirect path relationship. Data were collected from 100 children attending different type of ECE programme in Uttar Pradesh, India by administering school readiness instrument developed by World Bank (2009). The linear regression indicated significant impact of attendance on school readiness skills furthermore, the regression path coefficient (β-value) leading from attendance through the moderators (caste & gender) towards school readiness skills declared ‘in-direct’ satisfactory model. 

Keywords: Early Childhood; Caste; Attendance; School Readiness.
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Predictors of Self-Employment upon Return Migration: A Study among Young Returnees from Latvia, Romania, and Slovakia

posted Oct 22, 2020, 6:31 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 21, 2020, 6:28 AM ]

Croitoru Alin1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, pp. 37-53
Date: May 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The novelty of the study is linked to a specific interest in revealing how the migratory experience affects young Latvian, Romanian and Slovakian return migrants’ chances for engaging in self-employment. Individuals’ characteristics and features of the migratory experiences are used for understanding migrants’ employment decisions upon return. Along with conventional predictors for returnees’ self-employment (e.g. gender, education, previous employment status, the length of the migration experience, return motivations), this paper tests the effects of subjectively evaluated new skills and formal qualifications acquired through migration. Logistic regression models reveal that these two dimensions of human capital have opposing effects on youth migrants’ chances to be self-employed. A migration experience that is important for learning new skills increases individuals’ odds for self-employment while formal qualifications diminish their chances for this independent work status.

Keywords: Return Migration; Self-Employment; Human Capital; Youth Migration; Intra-European Migration.
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The effect of legitimacy on conscientious behaviors: The case of an electricity provider organization

posted Oct 8, 2020, 9:22 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 2, 2020, 7:08 AM ]

Luciana C. Manfredi1 & Ana M. Arboleda
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, pp. 87-94
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the correlation between the perception of legitimacy and pro-social attitudes, such as energy conservation. By using a self-administered questionnaire, this study explored local energy providers’ perception of legitimacy as well as their attitudes towards saving energy. Results show that legitimacy perception and energy conservation have relatively low scores and have a positive relationship. In practical terms, the energy providers need to improve their perception of legitimacy to influence prosocial behaviors such as energy-saving.

Keywords: Legitimacy; Organizational Legitimacy; Attitude toward Energy-Saving.
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Real beggars? Life history interviews

posted Jun 26, 2020, 10:02 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 21, 2020, 6:22 AM ]

Ákos Tárkányi1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, pp. 17-26
Date: May 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Life history interviews with beggars were made at Pázmány Péter Catholic University (Pázmány Péter Katolikus Egyetem, PPKE) in Budapest in 2014. Our two suppositions were that the bulk of beggars collect money for themselves and not for some mafia and they do this because they are really needy. We have conducted a dozen full interviews and about another dozen partial interviews. We made about 30 unsuccessful attempts besides these. The texts of these interviews (at least those of the full interviews) were logical, credible and realistic, so we can rightly assume that our interviewees were honest and they spoke about their real-life situations. We cannot find but one case of a beggar collecting money for a „beggar mafia”. And all claimed that they collected money only for themselves. Begging seemed to be essential for their subsistence. Our research showed at least that there are a lot of really needy, real beggars who do not work for a beggars’ mafia. They represent different types, but one can sum up some common factors: the majority of them are elderly and in a bad health status and their family is usually either extremely poor or has fallen apart, which also contributes to the situation that forces them to beg.

Keywords: Life History Interviews; Beggars; Mafia; Homeless; Disability.


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Employees’ Perception of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and its Effect on Job Satisfaction

posted May 7, 2020, 12:08 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 21, 2020, 6:37 AM ]

Marwan T. Al-Zoubi1  & Khawlah M. Al-Tkhayneh 
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, pp. 67-81
Date: May 2019
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This study aims to investigate the consequence of employees’ perception of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on job satisfaction. The study questions investigates the perception of CSR and job satisfaction levels among employees working in private and public institutions as well as the ability of CSR to predict employees’ job satisfaction. The results indicated that the participants working in public institutions have higher perception of CSR in comparison with participants
working in private institutions and consequently have higher levels of job satisfaction. The current results should
encourage private organizations to align with public institutions and start investing in social responsibility programs
because of their valuable outcomes in improving the organizational image and enhancing employees work attitudes and
therefore, work performance.

Keywords: Social Responsibility; Job Satisfaction
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Social movements and democratization: a research approach to political transformation in China

posted May 5, 2020, 6:21 AM by Sara Debora Topciu   [ updated Nov 2, 2020, 6:58 AM ]

Pui-Yuen Lin1
Journal of Social Research & Policy, Volume: 9, Issue: 2, pp. 17-29
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to suggest an approach for researching the political transformation of China. By taking a critical review of literature on democratization of China as my point of departure, I argue that previous studies focus too much on structural explanations and neglect constructivist aspects. The structural approach can produce only limited explanations and has regarded the political culture of a society as a static and reified entity, neglecting the constructivist element of the human agent. In addition to examining traditional economic and political institutional change, this paper suggests an approach to the study of democratization that involves examining the construction of political values and culture. This constructivist approach regards political culture as a construction and a contentious process.

Keywords: Democratization; Participatory Democracy; Political Transformation; Social Movement
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