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Gender Differences in Higher Education Efficiency and the Effect of Horizontal Segregation by Gender

posted Mar 11, 2017, 8:40 AM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 11, 2017, 8:42 AM ]

Hajnalka Fényes1
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 2
, Online First
Date: December 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: In our paper, we examine the effect of faculty gender composition on females’ and males’ higher education efficiency. According to special literature, horizontal segregation by gender affects students’ higher education efficiency, as the masculine, male-dominated faculty composition has a negative impact on women’s performance. Our research method is quantitative. We have used the database of a research project which was conducted in the historical Partium region, which is a cross-border area of three countries (Hungary, Romania, and Ukraine). We have found that in the examined region, male dominated education fields are computer science, engineering, and agricultural sciences. In the region, male advantage has been shown in five efficiency variables, although our regression models have revealed that this is only due to males’ better socio-demographic background. Based on our contextual model, we have found that at faculties where the proportion of women is lower, men have an advantage in higher education efficiency, in accordance with the findings of the literature. However, at faculties with a higher proportion of women, in some cases it is males, in others, it is females who are more efficient. Our regression model has revealed that as the proportion of women at faculty increases, students’ higher education efficiency decreases, which, nevertheless, cannot be seen in our contextual model figure.

Keywords: Higher Education Efficiency, Gender Differences, Horizontal Segregation by Gender.







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Pusztai G., & Engler, A. (Eds.). Teacher Education Case Studies in Comparative Perspective. Debrecen: Center for Higher Education Research and Development - Hungary, 2014, 184 p.

posted Mar 10, 2017, 1:22 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 10, 2017, 1:24 PM ]

Andra Perțe
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)


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Social Protection Policymaking in Nepal

posted Mar 10, 2017, 1:16 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 10, 2017, 1:17 PM ]

Kristie Drucza1
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This paper provides insight into the policy processes surrounding the design of Nepal’s first National Social Protection Framework (NSPF) that was initiated in 2009 by the UCPN-Maoists. The paper examines how the policy evolved and a myriad of reasons for why the framework remains in a draft form six years after it was instigated. Nepal’s social inequality is not just a product of a lack of protection, but it is also the result of the way the state functions. Social protection programs will reproduce inequality until the state becomes more inclusive, transparent and accountable. This paper contributes specific information to a limited, but growing body of literature that examines social protection policymaking in fragile and transitioning states.

Keywords: Social Protection Frameworks; Social Protection Policymaking; Fragile States; Nepal.
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Validity of the construct of Right-Wing Authoritarianism and its measure in post-socialistic region: A case of the Czech Republic

posted Mar 10, 2017, 1:09 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 15, 2017, 2:21 PM ]

Johana Chylikova1 & Martin Buchtik 
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 7, Issue: 1, Online First
Date: June 2016
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)


Abstract: This article presents an analysis of the construct validity of the Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) scale measured on a nationally representative sample of respondents in the Czech Republic. The authors – adhering to a paradigm of internationally comparative research – test whether the RWA scale, which was originally developed in the North American cultural milieu, can serve as a valid measurement instrument in a significantly different cultural environment. The test consists of an examination of the scale’s factorial structure, which has been set in the theory as unidimensional. To examine the possibility that the RWA measure was biased by a systematic method bias – the acquiescent response style (ARS) – several models were specified in confirmatory factor analysis. The analysis showed that the RWA scale in the Czech Republic is not unidimensional and that Czech respondents have a tendency to consciously agree both with the pro-authoritarian and anti-authoritarian items of the RWA scale and that this tendency is not caused by the ARS effect. The authors conclude that the construct of right-wing authoritarianism operationalized in the RWA scale cannot be validly measured in the Czech Republic and suggest a possible explanation of the different factorial structure of Czech RWA data. 
Keywords: Authoritarianism; RWA Scale; Construct Validity; Cultural Differences; Response Style. 
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Ethics Expertise Instruments in Social Work Institutions

posted Mar 8, 2017, 1:46 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 8, 2017, 1:47 PM ]

Ana Frunză1Antonio Sandu
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This paper aims to reveal the results of the mixed quantitative and qualitative research in the field of ethics expertise in social services as part of public administration. The purpose of this research is to identify the particularities of the management of institutional ethics and the social construction of ethics, as derived from the constitutive and operational values acknowledged in the organisational culture. Our interest is centered on the context that is specific to the counselling of ethics, developed at an institutional level from north-east Romania (N-E), under the consideration of the existence of ethical values, internalized at the organizational level, and assumed by the personnel of the institutions involved in the research.

Keywords: Ethics Expertise; Ethical Instruments; Social Work; Welfare Practice; Ethical Audit; Supervision of Ethics; Counselling of Ethics; Ethical Principles; Ethical Values.
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Cooperation Characteristics of the Public and Civil Sectors that Endeavor to Eliminate Social Inequalities

posted Mar 8, 2017, 1:30 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 8, 2017, 1:31 PM ]

Ibolya Czibere1 & Andrea Rácz2
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 2, Online First
Date: December 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)


Abstract: This study aims to present the relations of the public and civil sectors that endeavor to eliminate social inequalities, primarily, as it describes the relational characteristics of the civil organizations, civilians and the local government. It highlights the practice of partnership that currently determines the relationship of the two sectors in Hungary, and presents the civil sector’s economic weight, stages of development and directions. We will also deal with the developmental stages of the relation between the third sector that emerged after the political transformation and the local government, as well as with the necessity for cooperation between these two sectors. The study presents the reasons why the Hungarian civil society cannot overcome particular difficulties and increase their social integration and activity through the characteristics of project activities and tendering practices.

Keywords: Third Sector; Cooperation Characteristics of Civil Organization and Local Governments; Social Challenges; Projectification of the Civil Sector.
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Pusztai Gabriella, Ceglédi Tímea (Eds.), Professional Calling in Higher Education. Challenges of Teacher Education in the Carpathian Basin, Partium Press, Personal Problems Solution, Új Mandátum, Oradea & Debrecen 2015, 190 p. (Book Review)

posted Jul 26, 2016, 12:15 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Jul 26, 2016, 12:16 PM ]

Raluca Buhaș
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 1
, Online First
Date: July 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)




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Jesson, J.K., Matheson, L., & Lacey, F. M., Doing Your Literature Review. Traditional and Systematic Techniques, London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2011, 192 p. (Book Review)

posted Mar 20, 2016, 1:40 PM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Jul 26, 2016, 12:22 PM ]

Petru Adrian Pop 
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 1
Date: July 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)





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In a Fulcrum: Revisiting the Conditions of Manual Scavengers in India

posted Mar 14, 2016, 4:23 AM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Jul 27, 2016, 1:22 PM ]

Abhinandan Saikia[1] & Nokleny Angla

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 1
, Online First
Date: July 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993, aimed for prohibition of employment of manual scavengers and for the regulation of construction and maintenance of water-seal latrines and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Likewise,Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and Their Rehabilitation Bill, 2012’ which defines manual scavenger in a wider framework which include a person engaged or employed for manual cleaning of human excreta in an insanitary latrine or in an open drain or pit, on railway tracks etc. The bill aims at elimination of dry latrines and manual scavenging and the rehabilitation in alternate occupations of those engaged in this task. However, in spite of awareness against such hazardous occupation, its continuance has not ceased to exist. The objective of this paper is to look at the health related issues which manual scavengers have to confront with and a review of the initiatives taken by the State for health and safety measures of manual scavengers. In this study the stigma attached to manual scavenging, and social angle of caste based occupation for continuance of this occupation has also been briefly discussed.

 Keywords: Manual Scavengers; Prohibition; Act; Bill; Health and Safety measures.









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The Assessment of Subjective Well-Being in Young Children: Strengths and Challenges

posted Mar 14, 2016, 3:44 AM by Naomi Naghi   [ updated Mar 11, 2017, 6:55 AM ]

Monica Gonzalez-Carrasco[1]Sara Malo, Ferran Casas, Gemma Crous, Mireia Baena & Dolors Navarro

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 6, Issue: 2
, Online First
Date: December 2015
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Although the study of subjective well-being (SWB) has progressively extended to increasingly younger ages, doubts about the capacity of young children to provide reliable answers regarding their own SWB have meant less research has been done on children under 12 years of age. As a consequence, only a few instruments have been designed for the assessment of SWB in young children - the Personal Well-Being Index–School Children version (PWI-SC) being one of them. The authors of this instrument recommend checking respondents’ comprehension of the items and capacity to transform their own evaluations into a specific figure on a scale before administering it. Taking this as a starting point, and framed within the Children’s Worlds project (www.isciweb.org), a sample of 1,109 Spanish children, mainly 8-year-olds, were presented with various situations (for instance, not being able to go to the cinema with their parents when they want to), to which they had to provide both a qualitative answer (explaining how they would feel in their own words) and a quantitative answer to different types of scales (emoticons to express levels of satisfaction, a scale of satisfaction from 1 to 5, and one from 0 to 10, both without emoticons). The qualitative answers were classified into different categories in order to compare them with the quantitative answers to the same questions. Results show that the highest percentage of cases corresponds to total consistency between both types of response.

 Keywords: Subjective Well-Being; Children; Measurement; Data Triangulation; Pre-Testing







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