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Social Capital and National Identity in Iran: The Case of Tehran Citizens

posted Feb 19, 2019, 2:10 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Feb 19, 2019, 2:15 AM ]

Ali Baghaei Sarabi1 & Mahdieh Ghiaskhani

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, Online First.
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The article explores the relationship between social capital and national identity in Iran. It considers national identity
as an important factor in social cohesion and efficiency of social planning of all multi-cultural societies. In this study,
we used the survey method. The research population consisted of the people of older than 18 years who live in Tehran.
The sample size included 385 subjects, who were selected by multistage cluster sampling. The results indicated that those
who more social capital also higher levels of national identity. As a supplementary result, we can say that the three
subscales of social capital, i.e. participation, trust, and cooperation, significantly explain the changes in national
identity. Among the three subscales, cooperation, partnership, and trust have the largest impact on increasing the levels
of national identity, respectively.

Keywords: Social Capital; National Identity; Participation; Trust; Cooperation.
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Further analysis on freedom of information in Indonesia: A case study of the public information disclosure in West Java Province

posted Feb 14, 2019, 2:12 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated ]

Diah Fatma Sjoraida1, Luthfi Hamzah Husin & Dede Mariana
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, Online First 
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract This article seeks to further assess freedom of information (FOI) in Indonesia by qualitatively analyzing its implementation
in West Java Province. In a relatively young democratic state, the Indonesian parliament ratified the FOI law in 2008
responding to the ongoing democratization process. Nevertheless, the implementation of the law still suffers some problems,
both legally and politically. Ratification and the enactment of the FOI law cannot necessarily be sufficient to guarantee the
embodiment of a really open government unless there is a shifting paradigm in local bureaucracy, political commitment
from local leaders, and people’s and press awareness of the ability to access public information.

Keywords: Freedom of Information; Open Government; Policy Implementation; Democratization; Indonesia
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Time of Adjustment: Estimating Immigrant Integration and Integrative Capacity of the Finnish Labor Market in the Long-Term Perspective

posted Feb 7, 2019, 2:15 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 14, 2019, 3:29 AM by Sara Topciu ]

Oxana Krutova1 Tapio Nummi
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2
, Online First
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

AbstractThis paper examines the integrative capacity of the Finnish labor market as regards immigrant integration in the longterm perspective. In this paper, we study the duration patterns of unemployment and the determinants of transitions out of unemployment spells into employment and other exit states. We also look at, how micro-level determinants of unemployment, when estimated by age, gender, education, and previous experience of unemployment, affect the outcome of transitions out of unemployment spells. The novelty of this research lies in the multidimensional analysis of labor market integration using data and statistical methods that enable to determine the dynamics of status transitions over time. Methodologically, this research has a dualistic ‘descriptive-dynamic’ understanding of labor market integration as a process that is conditioned by a time period of long-term involvement into the labor market. According to our results, transitions to employment have a periodic wavelike character and, in time, the probability for job placement to one of the forms of employment essentially decreases. We also find that the period-effect potentially predict the further labor market integration of immigrants.
 

Keywords: Labor Market Integration; Integrative Capacity of the Labor Market; Discrete-Time Hazard Models; Duration of Unemployment; Labor Market Transitions.

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Social Progress and Academic Migration: Destination Canada

posted Feb 7, 2019, 2:00 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 19, 2019, 1:26 AM ]

Omar Lujan1 Harald Bauder

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Online First
.
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Like few other migratory movements, academic mobility reflects the synergies between knowledge production and wealth accumulation, intellectual work and social prestige, and migrants’ search for tolerant and progressive socio-cultural environments. Correspondingly, some of the wealthiest, and most powerful and cosmopolitan countries in the world are top destinations for academics. While the literature has problematized the historical relationship between power, knowledge, and scholarship in the context of the production of social and cultural norms, there has been less emphasis on how wealth, prestige, and social progress interact in the context of academic mobility. In this article, we explore how ideas of “social progress” related to specific welfare state policies and multiculturalism counterweight financial prospects and academic prestige in the choice of a destination where academics live and practice their profession. Based on data collected from interviews with forty-two academic researchers located in Germany Canada at different career stages and with varying migration histories, we explore how values of cultural tolerance and social equality make relatively less prestigious and less wealthy academic destinations more desirable. Our findings suggest that social progress constitutes a competitive advantage for attracting internationally mobile academics

Keywords:  Social Policies; Academic Migration; Social Progress; Welfare State; Academic Hierarchies.
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Subjective well-being of abstinent alcoholics in Romania. A study using Personal Wellbeing Index

posted Feb 1, 2019, 7:56 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 19, 2019, 1:40 AM ]

Iános-Mátyás-Tamás Mihók-Géczi& Sergiu Bălțătescu
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, Online first
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract: Previous studies show that the quality of life of alcoholics is severely diminished. The treatment of alcohol addicts seeks to achieve and maintain abstinence because this is the only solution to return to the initial state. In this study we aimed to see whether abstinence maintained over time without relapse increases the subjective well-being of alcoholics. The participants, 192 male abstinent alcoholics in Romania, were split into groups based on relapse: with no relapse (n = 104, 54.2%) or with relapse (n = 88; 45.8%) and based on the duration of abstinence: five years or more without relapse or since the last relapse (n = 100; 52.1%), or less than five years without relapse or since the last relapse (n = 92; 47.9%). Subjective well-being was measured by a single item satisfaction as a whole and by the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI). Levels of satisfaction with life as a whole, PWI and satisfaction with six out of eight domains of life included in the Personal Wellbeing Index are higher for those with abstinence over five years (no relapse) compared to those with shorter abstinence as well as for abstainers with no relapse compared to those who have relapsed. Overall, our results suggest that long term abstinence, without relapse, is the main strategy for living with alcoholism.

KeywordsAlcoholism; Abstinent Alcoholic; Relapse; Subjective Well-Being.
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The EU framework to enhance Minimum Income Schemes after the crisis: the case of Spain

posted Jun 14, 2018, 4:11 AM by Smaranda Cioban   [ updated Feb 19, 2019, 1:46 AM by Sara Topciu ]

Laura Gómez Urquijo1
Journal of Social Research & Policy
 Online First
Date: June 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract: Abstract:In this article we inquire about coherence of the current EU framework to impulse Minimum Income Schemes in Member States to contribute to social inclusion objectives. To answer this question, first, we will revise the current EU provisions to define and monitor income policies at a national level. In order to assess the influence of the EU framework in enhancing a minimum scheme policy in Member States, we will contrast this framework with the diversity of systems at national level and, in particular, at regional level in the specific case of Spain. 
Keywords: Minimum income; social policy; European Union, inclusion; Spain
1 Postal Address: Avda. Universidades 24, 48005, Bilbao, Spain.  E-mail Address: laura.gomez@deusto.es
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Alcohol Use, Abuse and its Psychosocial and Economic Impact in India

posted May 2, 2018, 12:34 AM by Smaranda Cioban   [ updated Feb 17, 2019, 12:17 PM by Sara Topciu ]

Srinath Ramamurthy1& Sendilvelan Subramanian
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, pp. 139-146
Date: May 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract Analyses of the economic impact of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence can provide important information to policymakers and program planners charged with making decisions about resource allocation. Such studies can be a useful indicator for the magnitude of a health care problem and how that problem compares with others. The study was conducted in Nemam, which is one of the field practice area of Sri Ramachandra Medical University. Males of 18 years and above in each panchayat were given unique numbers. From these unique numbers, the required numbers of males calculated as per Probability Proportion to sampling method. The individuals who were randomly selected by the above method were contacted in person and the study was explained to them. This study gave an opportunity to assess the various levels of drinking prevailing in a rural community and portray the psycho-social and economic burden faced by the drinker. The current alcohol intervention programs mainly concentrate on the alcohol dependents and abusers. There is very little or no alcohol policy which focuses on the normal drinkers or the transition stage drinkers, intervention policies in the primary care level which will diagnose the alcoholics at the earliest stage and make way for effective management


KeywordsPrevalence of Alcoholism; Psychological Menace; Social Consequences; Economic Burden.
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The effect of campus environment on students’ health behaviour in four Central European countries

posted May 1, 2018, 8:42 AM by Smaranda Cioban   [ updated Feb 17, 2019, 12:16 PM by Sara Topciu ]

Gabriella Pusztai1, Karolina Eszter Kovacs, Klara Kovacs & Beata Erika Nagy
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, pp. 125-138
Date: May 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract The results of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (Espad Group, 2016) indicate that substance use among Hungarian students enrolled in the public education ranks on the top in Europe as the incidence of smoking and binge drinking is increasing. At the same time, international research states that the youth in the CentralEuropean countries surrounding Hungary (Slovakia, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine) show better results in more aspects (Hibell et al, 2012). The results of Kopp (2012) justify these findings among Hungarian adults as well. However, we do not have explicit comparable data among university students. In the present study, we try to cover up the blank spaces of the previous studies. Firstly, we focus on the -students enrolled in higher education. Secondly, we measure the special character of minority students, as in the neighbour countries of Hungary there are Hungarian minority students, as well. In our investigation, we point out that students learning in the same higher educational campuses create a health behaviour interpretive community and their effects often overwrite the individual protective and risk factors. 


Keywords: Health-Risk Behaviour; Higher Education; Added Value.
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Oșvat C., Aspects Reagrding the Quality of Life in the Families of Children with Disabilities (Aspecte privind calitatea vieții în familiile copiilor cu dizabilități). ClujNapoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2012, 209 p.

posted Jan 30, 2018, 7:23 AM by Smaranda Cioban   [ updated Feb 11, 2019, 3:29 AM by Sara Topciu ]

Aurelia Șerfezi
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 1, pp. 151-152;
Date: July 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
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Arndt C., The Electoral Consequences of Third Way Welfare State Reforms: Social Democracy’s Transformation and its Political, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013, 220 p.

posted Jan 30, 2018, 7:09 AM by Smaranda Cioban   [ updated Feb 11, 2019, 3:22 AM by Sara Topciu ]

Pamela L. Fox
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 1, pp. 147-149;
Date: July 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
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