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Confucianism and Soft Power of China

posted Apr 24, 2019, 3:09 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Apr 24, 2019, 3:10 AM ]

Nguyen Thi My Hanh1

Journal of Social Research & PolicyVolume: 9, Issue: 1
Online First
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: China is on a journey to become a global power, using “Chinese Renaissance” as its prime vehicle to emerge from the position of a regional superpower and compete with the United States of America. The desire to open a “Chinese Age” in world history is great; the goal is to become a “leading nation”, “leader” of the world. The cultural revival of Confucianism, and its promotion as the dominant Chinese value system, is one of the more effective measures China has employed to increase its “gravity”, or soft power, in the international arena. Unfortunately, China has not succeeded in elevating these values to universal values, and therefore hasn’t turned Confucian culture into an effective soft power. Moreover, if Confucian culture isn’t naturally developed from its own civil society in the American way, it is not free to exchange, expose, and learn with other cultural and educational products in the world, but is always subjected to imprisonment by the government. If the latter is the case, the dream of Chinese soft power from Confucianism will remain unfinished.

Keywords: Chinese Soft Power; Global Power; Confucianism; Confucian Culture; Universal Value.

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Sergiu Bălţătescu, Claudia Bacter. Well-being through the eyes of Romanian children: results of the international study “Children’s World” (ISCWeB) (Bunăstarea văzută prin ochii copiilor români: rezultatele studiului internaţional "Lumea copiilor" (ISCWeB)), Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2016, 2012, 118 p.

posted Apr 24, 2019, 2:54 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Apr 24, 2019, 2:56 AM ]

Daniela Crina Lezeu
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, Online first
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

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Trottier D. & Fuchs C., Social Media, Politics and the State: Protest, Revolutions, Riots, Crime and Policing in the Age of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, New York: Routledge, 2015, 251 p.

posted Apr 5, 2019, 3:00 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Apr 5, 2019, 3:02 AM ]

Răzvan T. Coloja  
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, Online first
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
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Disentangling financial literacy: three- dimensional approach to analysing management of personal finances in Estonia

posted Apr 5, 2019, 2:45 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Apr 5, 2019, 2:51 AM ]

Leonore Riitsalu[1]Rein Murakas & Diana Veeret
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, Online first
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: There has been a prevalent assumption among the promoters of financial literacy that socio-economic status and knowledge of financial matters are of vital importance in making wise decisions in managing personal finances. Empirical evidence from Estonia suggests that these in fact have a more complicated relation to actual behaviour than believed so far. The socio-economic factors that explain differences in knowledge do not necessarily influence behaviour and vice versa. We suggest a three-dimensional approach for studying the factors behind differences in financial literacy. Regression analysis reveals that only education is significantly explaining the differences in all three – knowledge, attitudes and behaviour scores. Other socio-economic factors, willingness to take investment risks and the quantity of books at home are related only to one or two of the elements of financial literacy. The findings indicate the need for agreement on what constitutes financial literacy and the study of each element of it separately to find ways of improving financial well-being. 

Keywords: Financial Literacy; Financial Education; Behavioural Economics; Economic Sociology; Estonia
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Oral history interviews in the research of the recent past

posted Mar 9, 2019, 2:46 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Mar 9, 2019, 2:49 AM ]

Zsuzsanna Bögre1

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2
, Online First
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: I present several oral history interviews, which would have been difficult to understand in themselves, using only the
texts from them. Thus, I searched for additional sources by using archives and compared them with the material of the
interviews. After collating the various sources not only did the factual life events become more comprehensible, but it
also became clear on the ways how the interviewees talked about themselves.
I called the attention of sociologists researching oral history to the fact that to understand the past, in some cases, the
collection of life stories may be insufficient. Beside the interviews, it is also important to collect materials from other
sources as well, such as the documents stored in archives. In doing so, we will be able to compare data and stories
contained in the life history interviews with the archival sources (interrogation records, informant reports, prison
informants’ reports), and by checking facts and constructions, we can enhance our understanding of the reality.

Keywords: life history; oral history interview; personal documents; social facts and social constructions; separating
fiction and data; collating the various sources.

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Social Capital and National Identity in Iran: The Case of Tehran Citizens

posted Feb 19, 2019, 2:10 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Feb 19, 2019, 2:15 AM ]

Ali Baghaei Sarabi1 & Mahdieh Ghiaskhani

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2, Online First.
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: The article explores the relationship between social capital and national identity in Iran. It considers national identity
as an important factor in social cohesion and efficiency of social planning of all multi-cultural societies. In this study,
we used the survey method. The research population consisted of the people of older than 18 years who live in Tehran.
The sample size included 385 subjects, who were selected by multistage cluster sampling. The results indicated that those
who more social capital also higher levels of national identity. As a supplementary result, we can say that the three
subscales of social capital, i.e. participation, trust, and cooperation, significantly explain the changes in national
identity. Among the three subscales, cooperation, partnership, and trust have the largest impact on increasing the levels
of national identity, respectively.

Keywords: Social Capital; National Identity; Participation; Trust; Cooperation.
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Further analysis on freedom of information in Indonesia: A case study of the public information disclosure in West Java Province

posted Feb 14, 2019, 2:12 AM by Sara Topciu   [ updated Mar 9, 2019, 2:21 AM ]

Diah Fatma Sjoraida1, Luthfi Hamzah Husin & Dede Mariana
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, Online First 
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract This article seeks to further assess freedom of information (FOI) in Indonesia by qualitatively analyzing its implementation
in West Java Province. In a relatively young democratic state, the Indonesian parliament ratified the FOI law in 2008
responding to the ongoing democratization process. Nevertheless, the implementation of the law still suffers some problems,
both legally and politically. Ratification and the enactment of the FOI law cannot necessarily be sufficient to guarantee the
embodiment of a really open government unless there is a shifting paradigm in local bureaucracy, political commitment
from local leaders, and people’s and press awareness of the ability to access public information.

Keywords: Freedom of Information; Open Government; Policy Implementation; Democratization; Indonesia
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Time of Adjustment: Estimating Immigrant Integration and Integrative Capacity of the Finnish Labor Market in the Long-Term Perspective

posted Feb 7, 2019, 2:15 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 14, 2019, 3:29 AM by Sara Topciu ]

Oxana Krutova1 Tapio Nummi
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 8, Issue: 2
, Online First
Date: December 2017
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

AbstractThis paper examines the integrative capacity of the Finnish labor market as regards immigrant integration in the longterm perspective. In this paper, we study the duration patterns of unemployment and the determinants of transitions out of unemployment spells into employment and other exit states. We also look at, how micro-level determinants of unemployment, when estimated by age, gender, education, and previous experience of unemployment, affect the outcome of transitions out of unemployment spells. The novelty of this research lies in the multidimensional analysis of labor market integration using data and statistical methods that enable to determine the dynamics of status transitions over time. Methodologically, this research has a dualistic ‘descriptive-dynamic’ understanding of labor market integration as a process that is conditioned by a time period of long-term involvement into the labor market. According to our results, transitions to employment have a periodic wavelike character and, in time, the probability for job placement to one of the forms of employment essentially decreases. We also find that the period-effect potentially predict the further labor market integration of immigrants.
 

Keywords: Labor Market Integration; Integrative Capacity of the Labor Market; Discrete-Time Hazard Models; Duration of Unemployment; Labor Market Transitions.

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Social Progress and Academic Migration: Destination Canada

posted Feb 7, 2019, 2:00 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 19, 2019, 1:26 AM ]

Omar Lujan1 Harald Bauder

Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 2, Online First
.
Date: December 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Like few other migratory movements, academic mobility reflects the synergies between knowledge production and wealth accumulation, intellectual work and social prestige, and migrants’ search for tolerant and progressive socio-cultural environments. Correspondingly, some of the wealthiest, and most powerful and cosmopolitan countries in the world are top destinations for academics. While the literature has problematized the historical relationship between power, knowledge, and scholarship in the context of the production of social and cultural norms, there has been less emphasis on how wealth, prestige, and social progress interact in the context of academic mobility. In this article, we explore how ideas of “social progress” related to specific welfare state policies and multiculturalism counterweight financial prospects and academic prestige in the choice of a destination where academics live and practice their profession. Based on data collected from interviews with forty-two academic researchers located in Germany Canada at different career stages and with varying migration histories, we explore how values of cultural tolerance and social equality make relatively less prestigious and less wealthy academic destinations more desirable. Our findings suggest that social progress constitutes a competitive advantage for attracting internationally mobile academics

Keywords:  Social Policies; Academic Migration; Social Progress; Welfare State; Academic Hierarchies.
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Subjective well-being of abstinent alcoholics in Romania. A study using Personal Wellbeing Index

posted Feb 1, 2019, 7:56 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Apr 4, 2019, 1:14 AM ]

Iános-Mátyás-Tamás Mihók-Géczi& Sergiu Bălțătescu
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 9, Issue: 1, Online first
Date: July 2018
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)
Abstract: Previous studies show that the quality of life of alcoholics is severely diminished. The treatment of alcohol addicts seeks to achieve and maintain abstinence because this is the only solution to return to the initial state. In this study we aimed to see whether abstinence maintained over time without relapse increases the subjective well-being of alcoholics. The participants, 192 male abstinent alcoholics in Romania, were split into groups based on relapse: with no relapse (n = 104, 54.2%) or with relapse (n = 88; 45.8%) and based on the duration of abstinence: five years or more without relapse or since the last relapse (n = 100; 52.1%), or less than five years without relapse or since the last relapse (n = 92; 47.9%). Subjective well-being was measured by a single item satisfaction as a whole and by the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI). Levels of satisfaction with life as a whole, PWI and satisfaction with six out of eight domains of life included in the Personal Wellbeing Index are higher for those with abstinence over five years (no relapse) compared to those with shorter abstinence as well as for abstainers with no relapse compared to those who have relapsed. Overall, our results suggest that long term abstinence, without relapse, is the main strategy for living with alcoholism.

KeywordsAlcoholism; Abstinent Alcoholic; Relapse; Subjective Well-Being.
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