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The Personal Wellbeing among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Spain and Associated Factors

posted Dec 31, 2012, 10:10 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 20, 2016, 10:06 AM ]
Fermina Rojo-Perez1, Gloria Fernandez-Mayoralas, Vicente Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Maria-João Forjaz, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, María-Eugenia Prieto-Flores, Jose-Manuel Rojo-Abuin & Pablo Martinez-Martin
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 3, Issue: 2, pp. 67-94
Date: December 2012
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: Objective: The conceptual framework of Quality of Life (QoL) allows approaching the knowledge of the living conditions of people in order to help establishing policies for QoL improvement. This study is aimed at examining the assessment made by older adults on their personal wellbeing and the satisfaction with life and the associated factors. A summary of the psychometric properties of the measurement instrument was also presented. 
Method: The data came from the Ageing in Spain Longitudinal Study, Pilot Survey (ELES-PS), carried out in 2011 among people 50 years old or more living in family housing in Spain. The Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI), as a multidimensional measure of QoL, was used to evaluate the subjective wellbeing. Personal, social and residential characteristics were considered as independent variables. Descriptive statistical analysis, ANOVA, correlation, factor and regression analyses were applied. Results and conclusions: The PWI had good psychometric properties and showed the convergent validity with satisfaction with life as a whole (SWLW). Unidimensional structure of the scale was also demonstrated. PWI and SWLW total scores reached 74.5%SM and 77.1%SM, respectively. The best rated life domains were the satisfaction with relationships, safety and feeling part of the community. The SWLW observed significant differences in gender categories while PWI within age and social status. Both scales were associated with marital status, educational level, household size, current activity status and social status. The regression model of the PWI explained 34.2% of the variance through factors on socio-demographic and economic resources, psychosocial, health/functioning, family and social networks, leisure and residential environment. Based on these results, it would be desirable to deepen on this line from a longitudinal perspective to detect the influence of the changing conditions of the aged people in their personal well-being and life satisfaction.

Keywords: Older Adults;  Subjective Wellbeing;  Wellbeing Domains;  Personal Wellbeing Index; Satisfaction with Life; Quality of Life; Psychometric Properties; Associated Factors

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