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Aids-Orphanhood and Human Capital Development in Nigeria

posted Nov 5, 2013, 2:43 AM by Sergiu Baltatescu   [ updated Feb 16, 2014, 11:56 PM by Naomi Naghi ]
Rasaki Stephen Dauda1
Journal of Social Research & Policy
Volume: 4, Issue: 1pp. 121-138
Date: June 2013
ISSN: 2067-2640 (print), 2068-9861 (electronic)

Abstract: This study employs the descriptive method of analysis and growth rate to determine the effect of high number of AIDS Orphans on human capital development in Nigeria. The available facts reviewed and the result of the analysis revealed that the growth rate of the number of orphans, occasioned by the pandemic, continues to be positive since 1990 till date. AIDS Orphans as a percentage of children within the age bracket 0 to and 14 has been on the increase, from 0.03%, in 1990, to 2.1%, in 2000, and further to 3.78%, in 2009. Enrolment figures, as well as the rates of school dropouts among the orphans and vulnerable children, clearly indicate that the negative impact of increase in AIDS Orphans on human capital would be substantial if this trend remains unchecked. Therefore, it is imperative for governments at all levels to put in place better policy measures to support these orphans. Such measures could focus on free and compulsory education, shelter, clothing, medical services and food. Communities, which provide safety nets for the children should be empowered and encouraged with proper financial assistance. In addition, there should be legislation against the growing trend of all forms of exploitations and abuse of some of these orphans, particularly girls.

Keywords: AIDS Orphans, Human Capital, HIV/AIDS, Orphans and Vulnerable Children, School Enrolment, Nigeria.
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